GOAL 4: Reduce Child Mortality

Around 24 000 children die a day due to preventable causes. That equals a number of people of  a small town disappearing each day from the earth's surface. The problem of high child mortality is tackled within goal four of Millennium Development Goals.

The vast majority of child deaths occurs in 68 poorest countries, reaching nearly 98% of all. These 68 countries constitute the so-called ‘priority countries’ on MDGs agenda. To achieve anticipated targets immediate actions need to be taken in most of the priority countries (Countdown Report 2008)

The majority of deaths results from preventable diseases like measles, malaria or tetanus. Others result indirectly from marginalization, conflict and HIV/AIDS.  Malnutrition and the lack of safe water and sanitation contribute to half of all these children’s deaths. These deaths can be quite easily avoided. Research and experience show that six million of the almost 11 million children who die each year could be saved by low-tech, evidence-based, cost-effective measures such as vaccines, antibiotics, micronutrient supplementation, insecticide-treated bed nets and improved family care and breastfeeding practices (UNICEF).

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